References for specific units can be found by following the hyperlink
for the unit from Illinois in the Civil War.
Most references can be found in libraries within the state
of Illinois. See
Illinois libraries for more details.
Lists of Soldiers and Officers
If you don't know the unit in which your soldier served, these references can
provide that information. Knowing the unit can lead you to information about
service, pension records, and other resources.
- Search Rosters at Illinois State Archives' web site
- Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois for the Years
- multiple volumes, Illinois Adjutant General, 1900.
- v. 1 Infantry: 7th - 15th
- v. 2 Infantry: 16th - 35th
- v. 3 Infantry: 36th - 55th
- v. 4 Infantry: 56th - 77th
- v. 5 Infantry: 78th - 105th
- v. 6 Infantry: 106th - 131st
- v. 7 Infantry: 132nd - 156th; Cavalry: 1st-5th
- v. 8 Cavalry: 6th-17th
- narratives on most IL units: lists all men by rank, their disposition
(mustered out, died, wounded) and provides a narrative of each regiment
- index is separate (see next entry)
- Index to report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, vols.
- multiple microform reels - about 177,000 cards
- alphabetical card file at the Illinois State Archives. See: Services of the Illinois State Archives
- individual reels available via interlibrary loan - contact your local library
- Index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Illinois.
United States. Adjutant-General's Office. Washington : National Archives, National Archives and Records Service, 1964.
Biographical sketches of Illinois officers engaged in the war against the rebellion of 1861.
by Wilson, James Grant, Chicago, J. Barnet, 1862.
- available on microfilm via interlibrary loan or through Mormon Family History Centers.
- Illinois in the Civil War
by Victor Hicken ; foreword by E.B. Long Urbana : University of Illinois Press 1991.
The era of the civil war, 1848-1870
- narrative discussion of the participation of Illinois and its soldiers.
- includes a list of some resources (by unit) in the Illinois State Historical Library
by Cole, Arthur Charles, Springfield, Illinois Centennial commission, 1919.
Inventories of Sources
- Descriptive bibliography of Civil War manuscripts in Illinois
by Burton, William L., [Evanston, Ill.] Published for the Civil War Centennial Commission of Illinois [Springfield] by Northwestern University Press 
- A guide to the microfiche edition of Civil War unit histories. Part 4, The Union--Midwest and West : regimental histories and personal narratives project editor, Robert E. Lester ; guide compiled by Blair D. Hydrick. Bethesda, MD : University Publications of America, 1994
- A bibliography of Illinois Civil War regimental sources in the Illinois State Historical Library compiled by William B. Tubbs. (Springfield, Ill.?) : Illinois Historical Journal, Illinois Historical Journal. Autumn 1994, pp.185-232, Winter 1994 pp. 277-324.
- Resources at the US Military History Institute
Lists of Units
- Illinois Military Units in the Civil War.
by Civil War Centennial Commission of Illinois,
Springfield, Nov 1962. By authority of the state
of Illinois, Otto Kerner, Governor.
- numerical list of units listing counties of origin
- Alphabetical list of counties listing units originating therein.
- Roll of Honor. Record of Burial Places of Soldiers, Sailors,
Marines, and Army Nurses of All Wars of the United States
Buried in the State of Illinois. Springfield, IL 1929.
- organized by county and then by cemetery within each county.
- many soldiers are omitted.
- Biennial report - Illinois Adjutant . Illinois. Adjutant General's Office.
Springfield, [Ill.], Baker & Phillips, [186-]-[187-]
- Growing up with southern Illinois, 1820 to 1861, from the memoirs of Daniel Harmon Brush, edited by Milo Milton Quaife. Chicago, The Lakeside press, R.R. Donnelley & Sons Co., 1944.
- The patriotism of Illinois. A record of the civil and military history of the state in the war for the Union, with a history of the campaigns in which Illinois soldiers have been conspicuous, sketches of distinguished officers, the roll of the illustrious dead, movements of the sanitary and Christian commissions. by Eddy, Thomas Mears, Chicago, Clarke & co., 1865-66. 2 v.
- The diary of James T. Ayers [1805-1865] : Civil War recruiter edited with an introduction by John Franklin. 1947. IL State Historical Society Series.
- A compendium of the War of the Rebellion, compiled and arranged from official records of the federal and Confederate armies, reports of the adjutant generals of the several states, the army registers, and other reliable documents and sources, by Frederick H. Dyer.
- brief histories of Illinois Regiments, their brigade and army attachments, etc.
- widely available in libraries across the USA.
- vol. 3 (of the 3 vol. set) contains histories of the Illinois units.
Resources for the Civil War historian are wide-spread. Among them are:
- Illinois State Archives, Springfield, Illinois
Holdings include rosters of Illinois Units
Additional holdings are described in:
Record Group 301.000 - Adjutant General
Illinois Veteran's Home
Illinois Soldiers' Widows' Home
Illinois Soldiers' and Sailors' Children's School
- Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, Illinois
Holdings include many photographs of Illinois soldiers during the Civil War
- Peoria Public Library, Peoria, Illinois
Extensive collection of Illinois Regimental Histories
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